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柔術ノ部    Jujutsu No Bu    Section on Jujutsu

Part Two



中伝ノ型稽古    Chuden No Kata Geiko    “Formal Patterns of the Middle Transmission”

Chuden section is where the Ryote hodoki “introduction to weightier matters” begins, whereas material of the Kihon basics and Shoden no kata Patterns of Initial Transmission is part of the Katate hodoki (introduction to lesser matters). Coincidentally, the Okuden (Inner transmission) and Hiden (Secret) sections are listed as Tai hodoki ('resolution of matters') or in other words, the conclusion of instruction. It is said that to be able to recite from memory the techniques of the Initial transmission (shoden and kihon kata) as well as the Middle transmission (chuden no kata) is to approach Okuiri entrance to the secrets [pun on words in Japanese language since “recite from memory” is also pronounced 'chuden'.]

片胸捕    【手流】    Kata Muna Dori    (Te Nagashi)    Single Chest Capture   (Hand Flowdown)

More Kata muna dori technique (to compliment what Kata muna dori exists in the Initial transmission) ATEKOMI: Uchikudaki grinding strike(s) to kill kimon vital point at the ribs below and just outside the nipple and performing Te nagashi (tai taoshi) Hand flowing body castdown. UDE ORI: killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the bicep or tricep muscles of the upper arms and performing Te nagashi (tai taoshi) Hand flowing body castdown. HIKIKOMI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Te nagashi (tai taoshi) Hand flowing body castdown. There are several Kata muna dori henka.

両胸捕    Ryo Muna Dori     Double Chest Capture

More Ryo muna dori technique (to compliment what Ryo muna dori exists in the Initial transmission) TEN GAESHI: killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the tricep muscles of the upper arms and performing Ryote nagashi (tai taoshi) Both hands flowing body castdown. OBI GAESHI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Te nagashi (tai taoshi) Hand flowing belt castdown. RYOTE GAKE: Uchikudaki grinding strike(s) to kill kimon vital point at the ribs below and just outside the nipple and performing Ryote nagashi (tai taoshi) Both hands flowing body castdown. There are several Ryo muna dori henka.

鬼砕    Oni Kudaki    Demon Crusher

ATEKOMI: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing Te nage (ude garami) Hand throw arm entanglement. UDE ORI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the bicep or tricep muscles of the upper arms and performing Te nage (ude garami) Hand throw arm entanglement. MAKI GAESHI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Te nage (ude garami) Hand throw arm entanglement. There are several Oni kudaki henka.

脊負投    Seoi Nage    Shoulder Hoist Throw

ATEKOMI: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing Te nage (ude seoi) Hand throw arm hoisting. UDE ORI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the bicep and tricep muscles of the upper arms and performing Te nage (ude seoi) Hand throw arm hoisting. MAKI OTOSHI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Te nage (ude seoi//seoi otoshi) Hand throw arm hoisting while dropping to one knee.

腰投    Koshi Nage    Hip Throw

URA NAGE: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing Koshi nage (ura koshi seoi) Hip throw reverse hip hoisting. MAKIKOMI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Koshi nage (koshi seoi taki otoshi) Hip throw hip hoisting waterfall drop. UDE ORI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the bicep or tricep muscles of the upper arms and performing Ryote gake koshi nage (koshi seoi taki otoshi) Both arms hooking hip throw hip hoisting waterfall drop.

衣返    Koromo Gaeshi    Clothing Counter

KURUMA GAESHI: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing saka taoshi (or eri taoshi) hem throwdown (or collar throwdown) it is simply to place the hem/collar straight at his feet. ATEKOMI: Uchikudaki grinding strike(s) to kill kimon vital point at the ribs below and just outside the nipple and performing saka taoshi (or eri taoshi) hem throwdown (or collar throwdown). ?KERIKOMI//FUMIKOMI? Fumikomi treading stomp killing kyōkei vital point instep and toes of foot and performing saka taoshi (or eri taoshi) hem throwdown (or collar throwdown).

片手車    Kata Te Guruma    Single Hand Wheel

RYUSUI: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing Katate nage (ude sabaki) Single hand throw (arm manipulation), when kasumi is killed correctly the opponent will begin to collapse and the anchor on his captured hand (kote dori) is used to snatch and twirl his body in the air, in time with his collapse. The technique looks a bit different in practice that being the case. UKI OTOSHI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Katate nage (tai otoshi) Single hand throw (body drop) one drops to one knee in doing so. UDE ORI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the bicep or tricep muscles of the upper arms and performing Katate nage (ude sabaki) Single hand throw (arm manipulation).

鬼門投 / 嫌イ落    Kimon Nage/ Yarashi Otoshi    Demon Gate Throw / Abomination Drop

Sometimes it is called Yama Arashi “mountain storm ATEKOMI: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing Tai taoshi (ashi sabaki gata) Body throwdown (footwork manipulation form). HIKIKOMI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the tricep muscle(s) of the upper arm(s) and using the grip from there to perform Tai taoshi (ashi sabaki gata) Body throwdown (footwork manipulation form). MAKIKOMI: Killing getsuei vital point(s) at the flank(s) of the belly and performing Tai taoshi (te sabaki gata) Body throwdown (hand manipulation form).

蝴蝶捕    Kocho Dori    Butterfly Capture

ATEKOMI: Ken dori fist/sword capture performing take ori (ude kujiki) bamboo breaker (arm wretching) and perform Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing saka taoshi (or eri taoshi) hem throwdown (or collar throwdown) it is to move the hem/collar straight to his feet. HIKIKOMI: Ken dori fist/sword capture performing take ori (ude kujiki) bamboo breaker (arm wretching) and perform Hikite taoshi hand pulling throwdown. MAKI GAESHI: Ken dori fist/sword capture performing take ori (ude kujiki) bamboo breaker (arm wretching) and perform Mawari ken gaeshi (ken nagare) Rotating fist/sword counter (fist//sword return flow.)

腰車    Koshi Guruma    Hip Wheel

ATEKOMI: Uchikudaki grinding strike to kill kasumi vital point at the temple and performing Koshi nage/Ura nage (mawari koshi seoi) Reverse hip throw rotating hip hoisting. UDE ORI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) vital point(s) at the tricep muscle(s) of the upper arm(s) and using the grip from there to perform Koshi nage/Ura nage (mawari koshi seoi) Reverse hip throw rotating hip hoisting. ERI JIME: Nukite plucking hand killing Matsukaze vital point throat hollow at the base of the throat and using a grip from the collar or upper body to perform Koshi nage/Ura nage (mawari koshi seoi) Reverse hip throw rotating hip hoisting.

四ツ手 / 四ツ手崩    Yotsude / Yotsude Kuzushi    Four Hands / Four Hands Destroyer

Uke and Tori approach and enter yotsude kakaekomi four arms embrace grapple...

UDE ORI: Killing Unjun (Jakkin) and getsuei vital points at the tricep muscle(s) of the upper arm(s) and the flank of the belly then using the grip from there (at Unjun (jakkin), sling one hand overhead to perform Eri oshikomi pushing the head down by the back of the collar and the other hand then to perform Ura tai taoshi Reverse belt throwdown to drop or drive him onto his head. ASHI ORI: Killing Kyōkei vital point at the instep and toes of the the feet pinning the foot there. Sling one hand overhead to perform Eri oshikomi pushing the head down by the back of the collar and the other hand then to perform Ura tai taoshi Reverse belt throwdown to drop or drive him onto his head. USHIRO: Killing Getsuei vital point at the flank of the the belly. Secure the belt line at the middle in one hand to perform Obi gaeshi pulling the opponent sharply forward by the belt-line and the other hand performing Hana hineri hana haraite Nose wringing by sweeping hand to drop or drive him onto his back.

洞返    Hora Gaeshi    Cave Counter

So called because the defense causes uke to duck his head very deeply as if entering a very low roofed cave. Uke takes tori in Ryote muna dori (by both lapels). TEN GAESHI: Enters and with the right hand Uchikudaki kills Tento vital point (espec Menbu or hoshikage as it's sometimes called) as the left hand raises between both uke's arms, grasp uke's head with both hands and swiftly plant uke's head between his own feet. HIKIKOMI: Enters and with the right hand Kumade harai (raking hand drive off) kills Getsuei vital point as the left hand raises between both uke's arms, grasp uke's head with that hand and releasing getsuei with the right hand then kills Unjun (Jakkin) tricep of uke's left arm. This grip on uke at the hair of his head and at his left arm Unjun (jakkin) tori (the defender) then takes a small leap back and using the momentum of the leap slings uke's head to the ground. ERI JIME: Enters and with the right hand Nukite harai plucking hand drive off kills Matsukaze vital point (the hollow of the throat just above the breast bone) as the left hand raises between both uke's arms, grasp uke's collar, ultimately with both hands and swiftly plant uke's head between his own feet.

腰折    Koshi Ori    Hip Breaker

Used to defend against hip throw. ATEKOMI: Drop the hips (hira no kamae) moving into Uchikudaki used to kill Inadzuma vital point at the illiac crest as uke turns the hip (preparing to take tori (the defender) into hip throw position.) If inadzuma was unavailable one kills koshitsubo vital point at the base of the spine where it joins the hip bone (sacrum and coccyx), in the event that uke had turned the hips too quickly. With the other hand reach up and perform Saka/Eri taoshi Collar/hem throwdown to drop uke on his back. KERIKOMI: Drop the hips (hira no kamae) hiza atekomi knee strike killing Koshitsubo and perform Ura sode taoshi Rear sleeve throwdown. ASHI ORI: Drop the hips (hira no kamae) Fumikomi tread in killing Kyōkei instep and toes of the foot that uke leads with while turning the hips to do the hip throw and perform Ura sode taoshi Rear sleeve throwdown. One does not release the pinned foot while dropping uke via Ura sode taoshi.

    Kasasagi    Magpie (a bird)

Used to defend from rear chokes. Grasp uke’s wrist with one hand, and uke’s elbow with the other hand to release pressure. Step back and around him turning your hips to further release pressure from choke, this should have you reasonably free of the capturing arm... ATEKOMI: Strike in with elbow hiji atekomi killing suigetsu vital point of the solar plexus and pit of stomach. Perform Gyaku ude seoi Reverse arm hoist. KERIKOMI: Keritobashi kick out uke's leg, really this is kicking between his legs and thus kicking the nearest leg out from under him. Perform Saka/eri taoshi hem/collar throwdown to drop uke. HIKI TAOSHI: Kill getsuei flank of belly and Unjun (jakkin) bicep of upper arm and from this grip perform Hiki taoshi pulling throwdown.

組反    【腕流】    Kumi Gaeshi  Ude Nagashi  Grapple counter Arm Flowdown

Used to defend from kumi-uchi (two handed judo style grip on the body). Kumade harai Raking hand drive off kills Unjun (Jakkin) at the triceps, or use Uchikudaki crushing strike to kill Unjun (Jakkin) at the biceps. HIKIKOMI: Seize one of uke's arms (you can maintain the grip on Unjun tricep vital point, under some circumstances) and perform Hiki taoshi pulling throwdown. UDE ORI: Seize one of uke's arms (you can maintain the grip on Unjun tricep vital point, under some circumstances) and perform Ude gatame mawari taoshi Arm bar straight out rotating takedown. ATEKOMI: Kumade harai Raking hand drive off kills Getsuei vital point at the flanks of the belly. Extend arm across uke's chest and drop him with Gyaku dō gaeshi Reverse body counter.

両手止    Ryote Dome    Double Hand Stopper

Used to defend against both hands grabbed from behind. Fan out your own hands (Hira no kamae) and rotate out under one arm to face uke (probably both his hands are still on your wrists.) TEN GAESHI: Extract the right hand from his grip and perform killing Tento vital point (espec Menbu or hoshikage) Tekken uchikudaki hammer fist strike. Take uke (attacker) into Ude gatame mawari taoshi Rotating arm bar takedown. ATEKOMI: Extract the right hand from his grip and perform Seiryutoken uchikudaki Ox jaw sword hand crushing strike to kill matsukaze along the slope of the neck at the inner throat, using the reversed grip pinning uke's arm to anchor the blow from. Let the hand drift up and take uke (attacker) by the hair and perform Saka taoshi by putting his head sharply between his feet. RYOTE GAKE: Cross both his arms and drop him with the fulcrum arms.

水流    Mizu Nagare    Flowing Water

Used to defend against tsukikomi thrusting in against. As uke (attacker) step forward to thrust... HIKIKOMI: step to the inside of the attack and grasp his wrist with your right hand and using your left hand use a swinging action Yubiken tsukikudaki Thumb fist crushing thrust to kill suigetsu vital point at the sternum and stomach pit, then take his inner elbow with your left hand, body turn and perform Hiki otoshi pulling drop to one knee. UDE ORI: step to the outside of the attack and grasp his wrist with your left hand and using your right hand use a swinging action Yubiken tsukikudaki Thumb fist crushing thrust to kill Butsumetsu vital point in the ribs, then take his outer elbow with your left hand, body turn and perform Ude gatame hiki otoshi Arm bar pulling drop to one knee. ATEKOMI: step to the inside of the attack and grasp his wrist with your right hand and using your left hand use a swinging action Yubiken tsukikudaki Thumb fist crushing thrust to kill suigetsu vital point at the sternum and stomach pit, then your left arm around his head, body turn and perform gyaku makikomi taoshi reverse winding throwdown to drop him on his back.

柳雪    Ryusetsu    Snow Willow

Uke (attacker) walks up at 45' angle attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) body turns and steps inside the attack left hand haraite sweeping hand parry and kote dori captures uke's wrist (in tori's left hand). ATEKOMI: Tori uses a right hand swinging action Yubiken tsukikudaki Thumb fist crushing thrust to kill suigetsu vital point at the sternum and stomach pit, then captures uke's elbow by the garment while further body turning and drops to one knee (his back to uke) Ura tai otoshi to drop uke. UDE ORI: Tori uses a right hand swinging action Yubiken tsukikudaki Thumb fist crushing thrust to kill suigetsu vital point at the sternum and stomach pit, then continues stepping and further body turning to pass under uke's captured arm. Performs mawari ude gatame rotating arm bar and drops to one knee to drop uke (it would usually be face down?)

瓢落    Fukube Otoshi    Gourd Drop

Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-nagashi left hand capturing at his wrist and right hand capturing at the shoulder of the garment. ATEKOMI: Kicking counter Keri-gaeshi right foot killing Inadzuma at the Illiac crest or otherwise Koshitsubo at the joining of the front hip and thigh, from this grip step out and body turn, dropping to one knee felling uke (attacker). UDE OSAE: Change from this grip (by releasing the shoulder) step out and body turn, placing uke (attacker) in ude gatame arm bar killing Seitaku at the elbow joint rotate dropping to one knee felling uke (attacker). RYOTE GAKE: Change from this grip (by releasing the shoulder) reach across and take Uke's (attacker's) other arm by the sleeve at the upper arm or forearm, cross his arms (wrapping your right arm around both his cinching them tight) step out and body turn, rotate dropping to one knee felling uke (attacker).




絞之型    Shime no kata    Strangulation forms

本絞    Hon jime    Basic choke

Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-nagashi left hand capturing at his wrist... strike in uchikomi killing Jakkin (unjun) at the bicep muscle of the captured arm. Igote-uchi Archer's hand strike killing Matsukaze at the lower throat just beneath the adam's apple ( Igote-uchi (射籠手打ち) actually means a strike with the Archer's handguard and refers to the drawing action of a bow thus pulling the opponent into the throat strike.) Striking hand grabs thereafter at uke's (attacker's) collar and from this grip on the wrist and collar body turns to drop attacker onto his back.

逆絞    Gyaku jime    Reverse choke

Sort of the reverse of hon-jime. Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-nagashi left hand... uke (attacker) tries to counter with his other arm. Tori (defender) wards off uke-nagashi right hand capturing at his wrist and with the left hand strikes in uchikomi killing Jakkin (unjun) at the bicep muscle of the captured arm. Igote-uchi Archer's hand strike killing Matsukaze at the lower throat just beneath the adam's apple ( Igote-uchi (射籠手打ち) actually means a strike with the Archer's handguard and refers to the drawing action of a bow thus pulling the opponent into the throat strike.) Striking hand grabs thereafter at uke's (attacker's) collar and from this grip on the wrist and collar body turns to drop attacker onto his face.

片手絞    Katate jime    Single arm choke

Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) warding sweep off uke-harai left hand whilst performing scooping hand sukuite with the right hand going under uke's (attacker's) striking arm as rotating outside the line of the attack and reaching up to grab (in the right hand, under his arm) front of his garment. Or the grip can be killing Getsuei at the flanks of the body. This while, from behind wrapping the left arm over his shoulder and around his neck, drop him by placing the back of his shoulders at his heels.

一擲絞    Itteki jime    Casting off choke

Sometinmes called Itteki jime (一摘締) “Plucking choke”. Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-nagashi left hand capturing at his wrist... strike in uchikomi killing Jakkin (unjun) at the bicep muscle of the captured arm. Then applies te-oshikoroshi crushing grip choke (grasp in the right hand the throat, thumb just under adam's apple and close the fist to choke. It's a one hand 'choke'.) Apply Igote-hikiake Archer's hand drawing from this grip rather sharply ( Igote-hikiake (射籠手引き開ける) the term 'ake(ru)' actually means “pulling open” so it refers to a pulling motion that resembles an Archer's drawing of a bow thus applying more pressure to the opponent's throat.) Body turn from this grip (on wrist and throat) to drop him on his back.

A separate variation form of Itteki jime uses kumade-oshikoshi raking hand crush instead of the other choke grip (one grips either side of the adam's apple at the arteries.)

痛絞    Itami jime    Pain choke

Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks thrusting in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-nagashi left hand capturing at his wrist... strike in uchikomi killing Jakkin (unjun) at the bicep muscle of the captured arm. Nukite-uchi stabbing hand strike with the finger-tips of the right hand killing Matsukaze at the hollow of the throat, applying Igote-hikiake Archer's hand drawing from this grip rather sharply ( Igote-hikiake (射籠手引き開ける) refers to a pulling motion that resembles an Archer's drawing of a bow thus applying more pressure to the opponent's throat.) Release pressure with the Nukite hand and grab his collar, use body turning led from this grip (on wrist and collar) to drop him on his back.

押絞    Osae jime    Pinning or immobilization choke

Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks by grabbing at the lapel intending to thrust in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-harai left hand brush off and also wards off with the right hand (the would-be attacking thrust) stepping in striking uchikomi to kill Suigetsu pit of stomach and solar plexus... takes both lapels in hand and does furikiri shake off, shoving the attacker onto his duff.

逆押絞    Gyaku osae jime    Reverse pinning choke

Uke (attacker) strides up straight on attacks by grabbing at the lapel intending to thrust in tsukikomi, tori (defender) wards off uke-harai left hand brush off and also wards off with the right hand (the would-be attacking thrust) stepping in striking uchikomi to kill Suigetsu pit of stomach and solar plexus... takes both lapels in hand and does hikizurikomi pulling in while back stepping, jerking the attacker off his feet.



無刀捕ノ型    Muto Dori Gata    Capturing Without a Sword

These are Tachi-dori sword disarms, practiced empty handed against a bokken and so sometimes it is called simply 'Tachi-dori'. The list of techniques here, under various names, is used for various weapons disarms. The very same list of techniques gets called Kodachi-dori when against a short sword (or could be called wakizashi-dori in some circles), Tanto-dori (or kogusoku-dori) when used against a knife, Chōhō-dori when against long guns, Tanjū-dori when against a pistol. The very same list appears for handling weapons such as the Te-uchi palm stick, Sensu paper fan or Tessen iron fan, Jutte iron truncheon and etc. Then the list of technques is again called by such names as Te-uchi-dori, Sensu-dori and etc. When this list of techniques is performed under disadvantage against a superior weapon (short sword against longsword, for example) it is called Kodachi-sabaki-gata. Or Tessen-sabaki-gata when iron fan is used against either short sword or long sword. All such Sabaki-gata of these techniques are used disadvantaged against a superior weapon (so the tanto-sabaki-gata might be in practice a wooden knife against a mock pistol, for example.) In some way all of this is Muto dori gata, as the name implies being disadvantaged without a longsword yourself. Meaning that there is obvious disadvantage. There are many things here in this book named or unnamed (unlisted) which are Muto dori gata and so belong to this subject in the schools of this art.

一文字    Ichimonji    Straight Line

So called because it traces the path of the letter 'one' with the feet as an escape path from the blade. Making insignificant the power of the sword (pun on words in Japanese language, 一文 ichimon means “insignificant thing”.) A gate through which one enters wisely (pun on words in Japanese language, 一門 also pronounced ichimon means “(a/one) gate” but can be translated as “sect, school, division, family”. So the entire remark could be translated instead: “... wisely one enters a school (of this art.)” meaning that techniques like these rob the opponent of the superior advantage they possessed.) Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) This is to say that both men must take three steps to reach each other. Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (attacker's) head jodan uchi.

HONME (“Main form”): Tori (attacker) sidesteps leading with right foot outside attack, one foot after the other and assuming naname ichimonji no kamae Diagonal 'figure one' posture, having stepped just outside the attack. Tori strikes right yubiken kirikomi thumb-fist stabbing in, killing butsumetsu vital point at the ribcage or meisho at the armpit, before the sword can descend. Tori (defender) performs kataha ryote gake single wing both arms hooking with his right hand, cincing uke's (attacker's) two arms somewhat together between his own arm and body. Tori (defender) steps behind uike's leg with his right foot and performs ashi gari'ire leg reap out to drop the attacker. Tori (defender) retreives the sword and holds uke at bay.

URA-HŌ (“Outer method”) is a variation that puts the wind at the back of your sails, and so sometimes this version of the technique is called (pun on words in Japanese language, pronounced the same 裏帆 uraho means “aback; back-wind; sail with back-winds” and is the other name for the technique.) Tori (defender) steps the other way inside the attack thus placing the sword behind him, reaches over with his left hand and performs te-sabaki tsuka gyakko (手捌き柄逆行) hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement. Tori then turns the sword point holding uke at bay. GYAKU URA HŌ (“Reverse outer method”) Tori (defender) instead has stepped outside the attack thus placing the sword behind him, reaches around behind himself with his left hand and performs kataha ryote gake single wing both arms hooking. Cincing uke's (attacker's) two arms somewhat together between his own arm and body, uke is immediately behind him, tori using his right hand to secure the hilt of the sword te-sabaki tsuka tori'ai (手捌き柄取合い) hand manipulation hilt capture. Tori is at this time taking a step or three forward, uke's arms somewhat captured in the ryote gake grip, whilst tori takes the sword from uke. Tori then turns and places the sword point holding uke at bay.

片手落    Katate Otoshi    Single Hand Drop

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) Three steps to reach each other. Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, advancing okuri ashi, Uke (attacker) completes the step and thrusts at tori's (attacker's) body chudan zuki.

HONME (“Main technique”): Tori (defender) sidesteps and enters outside the attack, (right hand warding off migite harai) seizing uke's sword hand (right hand) with tori's right hand from underneath sword grip. Tori strikes left hand shuto uchi killing matsukaze vital point just under adam's apple. Tori captures uke's sword hand in both his own, and performs gyakute nage stepping back and dropping to one knee to drop uke. Tori retreives the sword and holds uke at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) sidesteps and enters inside the attack, (left hand warding off hidarite harai) seizing uke's sword hand (right hand) with tori's left hand (overhand grip.) Tori strikes right hand shuto uchi (palm down?) killing matsukaze vital point just under adam's apple. Tori captures uke's sword hand in both his own, and performs gyakute nage stepping back and dropping to one knee to drop uke. Tori retreives the sword and holds uke at bay. RYOTE WAKARE (“Both hands separated”): tori (defender) sidesteps and enters inside the attack, (warding off hidare te uke harai) somewhat bracing uke's sword hand with his own left hand, katate gake right hand reaching over and hooking, from the bracing of the sword hand with his own left, reaps away uke's left hand from the (bottom of the) hilt (Igote harai archers sweep.) While taking the hilt in his own left hand. Reaches around and under to also capture uke's right wrist, or the right sleeve of his garment and tori then body turns and steps back, kneeling to drop uke katate otoshi. Tori turns the blade of the sword on uke and holds him at bay, most usually from the kneeling position having dropped uke.) GYAKU-IRE (Reverse entry): Tori steps inside the attack over his left foot, rotating step mawari ashi turns the body, his back to uke as reaching under uke's hands with both hands. Takes uke's right (sword hand from under, sukuite scooping hand) while reaching over, grabbing the sword hilt with his left hand (reverse grip on it's hilt.) Tori then turns a bit more as stepping backwards and kneeling on one knee to drop uke (by the grip on uke's right (sword) hand sleeve or wrist, gyaku katate otoshi. Then tori turns the blade of the sword on uke and holds him at bay, most usually from the kneeling position having dropped uke.

向捕    Muko Dori    Diverting Capture

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) Three steps to reach each other. Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (attacker's) lower body naname gedan uchi (diagonal lower strike.) HONME (“Main form”): Tori (defender) quickly steps inside the attack over his left foot, two or three steps, standing beside uke's sword hand grip and further blocks the sword stroke with his stiffened left arm against uke's sword grip just about uke's wrists and upper arm. Tori reaches overtop uke's arms seizes both at the sleeve and performs furigiri shake off to throw uke backwards onto his duff. Tori steps carefully on the sword (if still in uke's grip), reaches down to take the sword and turns it on uke to hold him at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) quickly steps outside the attack over his right foot, two or three steps, standing beside uke's sword hand grip and further blocks the sword stroke with his arm against uke's sword grip just about uke's wrists and upper arm. Tori reaches overhand grip on both uke's arms seizes both at the sleeve and performs furigiri shake off to throw uke backwards onto his duff. Tori steps carefully on the sword (if still in uke's grip), reaches down to take the sword and turns it on uke to hold him at bay. RYOTE GAKE (“Both arms hooking”): Tori (defender) quickly steps inside the attack over his left foot, two or three steps, and performs ryote gake both arms hooking against uke's arms, tori's left arm overtop and his right arm underneath. Tori performs furigiri shake off to throw uke sideways bodily. Tori reaches down to take the sword and turns it on uke to hold him at bay.

回捕    Mawashi Dori    Rotating Capture

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) This is to say that both men must take three steps to reach each other. Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (attacker's) head jodan uchi.

HONME (“Main form”): Tori (attacker) performs nami-uchidashi rushing in to strike with right fist, between uke's upraised arms (before the sword can descend), killing asagasumi vital point upper throat and chin. Tori grabs uke's chin in his striking right hand having reached around to the back of uke's hand with his left hand and performs ten-gaeshi heaven counter (sharply twisting uke's head in both his hands and placing uke's head at his feet: 'bulldogging') to drop uke. The sword is most usually still in uke's right hand (if, not and it dropped to the ground, one retrieves it) tori seizes the sword hilt overtop uke's handgrip cupped in both tori's hands and performs gyakute-sabaki wrist reversal manipulation stepping away at an angle to turn uke over onto his face by the grip as taking the sword into his own right hand. Tori holds uke, face down, at bay with the sword. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (attacker) performs ura- nami-uchidashi rushing in to strike with left fist, between uke's upraised arms (before the sword can descend), killing asagasumi vital point upper throat and chin, right hand upraised harai shotei warding offf palm at the hilt and pommel. Tori dashes further around, nearly behind uke, grabbing uke's hair in his left hand while reaching around and taking uke's chin in his right hand, having reached around nearly from the back, performs ura-ten-gaeshi heaven counter (sharply twisting uke's head in both his hands and placing uke's head at his heels: 'bulldogging') to drop uke. Uke is usually face down. The sword is most usually still in uke's right hand (if, not and it dropped to the ground, one retrieves it) tori seizes the sword hilt and holds uke, face down, at bay with the sword.

平一文字    Hira Ichimonji    Level Line

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) This is to say that both men must take three steps to reach each other. Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (defender's) head jodan uchi.

HONME (“Main form”): Tori (defender) steps diagonal outside the attack, facing uke, and performs te-sabaki tsuka gyakko hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement to take the sword from uke. Then lays the sword at the back of uke's neck to hold him at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) steps diagonal inside the attack, facing uke, and performs te-sabaki tsuka gyakko hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement to take the sword from uke. Then lays the sword at uke's throat to hold him at bay.

後捕    Ushiro Dori    Rear Capture

So called in that it defends against attack from the rear. Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance), tori's (defender's) back to uke (attacker.) Uke draws his sword, and advances against tori's turned back okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at the back of tori's (attacker's) head jodan uchi. HONME (“Main form”): Tori body turns clockwise in a rotating pivot step tenkan ashi, to the outside of the attack. With his right hand tori captures uke's sword hand at the sleeve while stepping bodily behind uke, and captures the back of uke's garment rear of his left shoulder. Tori snatches uke off his feet by laying uke's shoulders at his heels. Tori captures the sword and holds uke at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori body turns counter-clockwise in a rotating pivot step tenkan ashi, to the inside of the attack. With his left hand tori captures uke's sword hand at the sleeve while stepping bodily behind uke, and captures the back of uke's garment rear of his far shoulder. Tori snatches uke off his feet by laying uke's shoulders at his heels. Tori captures the sword and holds uke at bay.

正眼    Seigan    Straight Eye

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) This is to say that both men must take three steps to reach each other. Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to hassō (sword held straight up alongside the body in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes diagonal at tori's (defender's) head naname jodan uchi. HONME (“Main form”): Tori (defender) dashes to the inside of the attack, performing te-sabaki tsuka gyakko (namiuchi-gyakko) hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement (wave striking hilt reversal) to turn the point of the sword upon uke, holding the sword at yoko uke-bune (right hand on hilt, left under supporting the blade) straight into uke's eyes, threatening a quick thrust to the eyes to hold uke at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) dashes to the outside of the attack, performing te-sabaki tsuka gyakko (ura-namiuchi-gyakko) hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement (wave striking hilt reversal) to turn the point of the sword upon uke, holding the sword at yoko uke-bune (right hand on hilt, left under supporting the blade) straight into uke's eyes, threatening a quick thrust to the eyes to hold uke at bay.

柄砕    Tsuka Kudaki    Hilt crusher

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (defender's) head jodan uchi.

HONME (“Main form”): Tori (defender) performs nami-uchidashi-tsuka-dome (波打出し柄止め) rushing in to strike the sword pommel with the left palm to halt the sword, as he strikes right hand tekken-uchi killing asagasumi vital point upper throat and chin. Then takes the hilt into his right hand and performs te-sabaki tsuka gyakko hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement, using the left hand at back of the blade for leverage. Tori uses the sword to hold uke at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) performs nami-uchidashi-tsuka-dome rushing in to strike the sword pommel with the right palm to halt the sword, as he strikes left hand tekken-uchi killing asagasumi vital point upper throat and chin. Then takes the hilt into his right hand and performs te-sabaki tsuka gyakko hand manipulating sword hilt reversing movement, using the other hand at back of the blade for leverage. Use the sword to hold uke at bay.

沈捕    Shizumi Dori    Sinking Capture

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (defender's) head jodan uchi.

HONME (“Main form”): Tori (defender) steps back and away a step or so, as the blade comes down, since tori escaped uke (attacker) enters with a pace or two and puts in a thrust tsukikomi from which Tori (defender) escapes to the outside by right foot backward stepping and body turning outside manipulation Tenkan soto sabaki (left foot forward, usually). Tori (defender) steps past the blade and captures uke's (attacker's) right hand on sword hilt (te gyaku.) while striking with his left hand haraite tekken-uchikomi to jakkin unjun at Uke's left bicep. Tori repeats same striking hand to uke's right bicep as well, these two strikes are rather crisp and rapid. This often knocks Uke's left arm away from the sword. Tori takes hold of Ukes right hand and hilt with both hands as he performs Omote Gyaku, and he lifts it up counter-clockwise circle (the Omote Gyaku) dropping him on his back. Tori uses the sword to hold uke at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) steps back and away a step or so, as the blade comes down, since tori escaped uke (attacker) enters with a pace or two and puts in a thrust tsukikomi from which Tori (defender) escapes to the inside by backward stepping and body turning inside manipulation Tenkan uchi sabaki (right foot forward, usually). Tori (defender) steps past the blade and captures uke's (attacker's) right hand on sword hilt (te gyaku) while striking with his left hand haraite tekken-uchikomi to jakkin unjun at Uke's left bicep (strike from under the right arm). Tori repeats same striking hand to uke's right bicep as well, these two strikes are rather crisp and rapid. This often knocks Uke's left arm away from the sword. Tori takes hold of Ukes right hand and hilt with both hands as he performs Ura Omote Gyaku, and he lifts it up clockwise circle (the Omote Gyaku Te Sabaki Gata) dropping him on his face. Tori uses the sword to hold uke at bay.

松葉落    Matsuba otoshi    Pine needle drop

Uke/uchidachi (attacker) and tori/shidachi (defender) stand facing each other about sansoku ma'ai (three step distance.) Uke draws his sword, and along with tori advances okuri ashi with the sword at middle guard chuden, raising the sword to dai-jodan (sword held over the head in preparation to strike.) Uke (attacker) completes the step and strikes at tori's (defender's) head jodan uchi. Tori escapes by stepping back a step or two. Uke resumes sword at middle guard chuden, and with a pace or two puts in a thrust tsukikomi.

HONME (“Main form”): Tori (defender) escapes to the inside of the thrust by backward stepping and body turning inside manipulation Tenkan uchi sabaki (right foot forward, usually) enters past the blade and captures uke's left wrist in your left hand (overhand grip) striking right hand tettsui-uchi hammerfist to kill unjun jakkin vital point at right bicep. Haraite right hand strike to throat killing matsukaze vital point. Right hand darts under and between uke's left arm and body, securing for kata gatame shoulder lock (very much like ganseki nage) reaps sword arm over cinching tight (your left gripping his right wrist) while one steps around and through turning the back of the hip to meet the side of his hip. Rotate counter-clockwise (it is a form of a hip throw) and drop to left knee to drop uke. Tori uses the sword to hold uke at bay. GYAKU (“Reverse”): Tori (defender) escapes to the inside of the thrust by backward stepping and body turning outside manipulation Tenkan soto sabaki (left foot forward, usually) enters past the blade and captures uke's left wrist in your right hand (underhand grip) striking left hand tettsui-uchi hammerfist to kill unjun jakkin vital point at the bicep, sweeping the left hand away from the sword with the right hand grip thereupon. Gyaku shuto-uchi left reverse swordhand strike (palm up) to throat killing matsukaze vital point. Left hand then darts under and between uke's captured left arm and his body, securing for kata gatame shoulder lock holding same arm at the wrist with the other hand cinching tight while one steps around his (left/nearest) leg and hip to meet the side of his hip. Rotate clockwise (it is a form of a hip throw) and drop to right knee to drop uke (uke is usually face up on the ground.) Tori uses the sword to hold uke at bay.




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